Full Stack Web Development

A guide on Full Stack Web Development Tools

Full Stack Web Developer

What are the full stack development tools?

Tools are used for making web development easy. Full stack web development  has everything front-end presentation layer, back-end server side, a database layer and everything in between. The tools include front-end, back-end technologies, frameworks, libraries, DBs, Package Managers and code editors to name a few. The transient nature of web development means that every day, there are more and more tools being available in the market. You can get to know about some of the Full Stack Web Development Tools here. You can use the Full Stack roadmap to figure out an order to learn.  

Hence, we made the learning process simple by our Full Stack offline classes with all the required industrial updates.

Front end client side Tools

Front-end/ Client-side Tools

Angular.js- A framework developed by Google, it uses HTML as the base. It is used for managing a dynamic view. Gives value addition to HTML

BootStrap- This is HTML and CSS based and supports JavaScript. Developed by Twitter, it cuts down a lot of code required in web development. 

Foundation- This a family of CSS framework. It is easier to create responsive web UI and web sites with the foundation. It is flexible and completely customizable. Also supports HTML template and JavaScript.

Programming Languages

PHP-  Hypertext Preprocessor is a coding language suited for web development. It can be embedded into HTML. It is open source and general purpose.

HTML5- HTML5 is the fifth major version of HTML. It is the basic markup language of the website. It is a software stack solution for web pages. It defines the behaviour of the web pages with the markup language. It has Markup and API for complex web application and can now be used to build cross-platform applications.

CSS3- It a stylesheet language. It is used to define presentation aspects of a web page written using markups languages. It is one of the cornerstones of web development technology. The CSS3 is separated into multiple working and independent modules. Each module gives additional capacities and extends features previously defined. 

SQL- It is expanded to Structural Query Language. It is a domain-specific language. It is designed for two major purposes. It is used to manipulate the data stored in a Relational Database Management System. It is used for stream processing in Relational Data Stream Management System.

Python- It is a high level, general-purpose programming language. It emphasizes code readability. Python supports programming paradigms like functional, procedural and object-oriented programming. Python resources are managed by the Python Software Foundation, a non-profit organization. 

JavaScript- It is a just in time compiled, lightweight programming language. It supports prototype-based object-orientation. It is used to build interactive web pages that are suitable for all devices. This is the language that gives end-to-end solutions and javascript based stacks are used to build chatbots in web development.

Elixir- This is a functional, concurrent language that runs on Erlang VM. It is used in fault-tolerant applications. Provides tooling and extensive design. it is best for building a scalable application and maintainable applications.

TypeScript- It is an open source programming language. It is pure object-oriented in nature. It is developed and maintained by Microsoft. It was designed for the development of large applications. It is a superset of JavaScript and transcompiles into it. TypeScript can be used on both front-end and back-end frameworks.

Ruby- IT is a high level, interpreted programming language. It is dynamically typed and supports procedural, functional and object-oriented programming paradigms. Ruby is influenced by other languages like Perl, Lisp, Ada, Smalltalk etc.,

Back End Server Tools

Back-end/ Server-side Tools

Ruby on rails- It is an open source server-side application that runs on Ruby. Rails is an MVC framework and it provides default options for databases and a web service. It has influenced many other frameworks in various languages.

Django- A python based web framework. Used for server scripting and is very fast. It cuts down on the amount of code to be written for an application. It is maintained by Django Software Foundation.

NodeJS- It is a JavaScript run-time environment. It is used for server-side operations to create dynamic web pages. It follows a Javascript everywhere paradigm with just one language for both client-side and server-side development. It has an event-driven architecture. It is maintained by Node.js Foundation.

ASP.net- It is a free, open source framework for building web applications and web services with C# and .NET. It supports multiple platforms. ASP.NET expands upon the .NET development platform with programming languages, tools and libraries. It is developed and maintained by Microsoft.

EmberJS- It is an open-source JavaScript framework. It has an MVVM architecture. It is used to create a scalable single page application.

Databases

MySQL- An RDBMS, this is the traditional database. Uses SQL for operations. It is also one of the popular and widely used databases.

MongoDB- NoSQL database meant for modern developers. It is document based and SQL is not necessary. High-security levels are maintained. Cloud-based version is available.

PostgreSQL- This is a free and open source relational database management systems. It can handle data warehouses to web services with concurrent users.

Libraries

jQuery- This is a JavaScript library which makes front-end development easy. It abstracts functionalities. Makes designing easier.

D3.js- D3 stands for data-driven documents. D3 is a javascript library. It produces dynamic and interactive data visualisation for web browsers. It uses CSS, HTML and SVG standards. It allows more control over final visuals than many other libraries.

React- It is developed and maintained by Facebook. It is a javascript library for building UI. It is used to develop single page application or mobile applications.

Lodash- This is a javascript library. It follows functional programming.  Draws ideas and is maintained by the underscore.js team. It helps write concise and maintainable code.

All of the above are the basic required skillset and you can pick and choose items from that list. You can learn some of these in a package in some online training courses on Full Stack Web development. Now, we will discuss the additional tools that make the web development easier with customized options. These are a good value addition to the resume as well

Text editor

Atom – An modern cross-platform text editor. It has a built-in package manager. 

Sublime text- This is a super fast code editor. Popular for allowing superfast navigation and simultaneous edits. 

Dreamweaver- Developed by Adobe. Used to create websites, it also helps with code hints on HTML, CSS and PHP.

CSS Preprocessor

SASS- It is a CSS preprocessor. The preprocessor helps maintain code, and reduce the CSS coding you require as well. It is based on Ruby.

LESS- It is a dynamic stylesheet processor language. It is based on Javascript. It is run on both the client side and server side.

Stylus- This is a dynamic stylesheet processor language. It is influenced by SAAS and LESS. It is expressive, dynamic and robust compared to others.

Full Stack Web Developer course

Package managers and Task runners

Grunt- A task runner based on JavaScript. It is used to automate repetitive tasks like unit testing and compilation.

npm- This is a Package manager for Javascript language. It is the default package manager for NodeJS.It is used to publish, install and develop node based programs.

Bower- Bower is also a package manager. It is used to manage front-end technologies like HTML and CSS libraries like jQuery and Bootstrap. It reduces page load time.

Site speed tester

Chrome developer tools- allows the developers access to the web application internal section. It is available with chrome and safari. It also has options to optimize loading flows.

Google PageSpeed Insights- Performance of page across devices is tested and reported. It also provides data used for debugging performance issues. 

Pingdom- Analyzes page load time, and find bottlenecks. It is cost effective and reliable.

Git Services and clients

Sourcetree- This is a free git client for Mac and windows. It is simple to be used by new coders yet powerful enough for the experienced. 

GitHub client- Its a distributed version control system application. Stores the written code and tracks changes to it. Deepens collaboration between team members. It handles large projects with ease.

GitLab- It is a web-based DevOps tool. Originally written in Ruby. The current technology stack includes Go, Ruby on Rails and VueJS.

Collaboration tools

Slack- This is a cloud-based team collaboration software. You can integrate or build your own app with Slack.

Trello- It is a list-making application. It is web-based and very easy to use. It is highly flexible and can be used for project and task management.

Web servers

Apache- Open source HTTP server for a modern OS. It supports Windows and Unix. It is secure and efficient.

Nginx- Pronounced EngineX, this is a web server. It also functions as a load balancer and an HTTP cache.

Caddy- This is an open source web server written in Go programming language. It uses Go Standard library. It is known for enabling HTTPS by default.

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