Best programming languages to learn 2022

Best programming languages to learn in 2022

What’s a programming language?

A programming language is a tool used to write instructions meant for a computer to understand and follow them. These instructions are written by coders, in the form of scripts, and the process of writing these instructions is called coding. Therefore, programming languages are a set of instructions important for coding. Think of it as a cooking recipe. The ingredients that go into the food are nothing but different programming languages, which lead to the final outcome, i.e., food. 

Why are programming languages so important?

There are primarily 2 forms of programming languages - low-level and high-level languages. Low-level languages are difficult for humans to understand and interpret, while high-level languages are easy for humans to understand. In the modern world of machine learning and artificial intelligence, all the languages used are of high level. It has to be that way!

  1. The major reasons why programming languages are important are -
  2. They are used in all types of web applications and also in website development work.
  3. They are crucial for software development.
  4. Game development requires programming languages. 
  5. Data science, robotics, and computing are all based on programming languages.
  6. They are an integral part of almost all types of software services and products.

Which programming language is the best to learn in 2022?

There are over 700 programming languages, currently popular in India. However, there have been over thousands of programming languages in the past few years. Some have become obsolete, while some have been rebranded. The demand and popularity of programming languages fluctuate every year. And new programming languages with attractive features are released at a rapid scale.

So, which programming language should you learn in 2022? rather, which is the best to learn in 2022?

Learning a new programming language is always a good investment of your time and effort. Regardless of you being a seasoned developer or someone who already knows several programming languages, you can always learn a niche programming language and master it.

But if you are just starting out as a programmer, then it’s better to learn some of the mainstream and established programming languages.  Below we have listed some of the popular and best programming languages to learn in 2022 - 

Python

Guido van Rossum developed Python in the 1990s as his side project. Back then nobody thought it would be the most popular programming language one day. Python is the number one programming language, and currently it’s widely applicable for various purposes. It’s a simple, easy-to-use, and scalable language used in developing all types of web applications. Instagram, YouTube, and Pinterest are all built on Python. 

Today, Python is used in many areas of software development, with no signs of slowing down. It offers a massive library support and is ideal for creating prototypes. Therefore, Python is one of the best programming skills to learn in 2022. 

python

3 Key Features:
  • The USP of Python is its language design. It is highly productive, elegant, simple, yet powerful.
  • Python has first-class integration with C/C++ and can seamlessly offload CPU heavy tasks to C/C++.
  • Python has a very active community and support.

Pros:

  • Supports multiple systems and platforms
  • Object-oriented Programming (OOPs) driven
  • Helps to improve a programmer's productivity
  • Allows you to scale up even the most complex applications with ease
  • Offers extensive Support Libraries
  • Python can be easily used for IoT applications 
  • It’s an open-source language, available for free downloads

Cons:

  • Not ideal for Mobile Computing
  • Python's database access layer is a bit underdeveloped and primitive
  • Python has speed limitations, which makes its execution slower
  • Python has design limitations, too

Usage/Application: Web and Internet Development, Scientific and Numeric applications, Desktop GUIs, and Business applications. It is widely used in AI(Artificial Intelligence) and Machine Learning space.

Salary: The average salary of a Python developer in India is around 4.16 LPA. A mid-level Python developer will generally earn more than this. 

Click here to learn more about Python

JavaScript

Netscape assigned Brendan Eich during the first browser war to develop a new programming language for its browser. He developed the initial prototype in only ten days, and the rest is history.

JavaScript was often ridiculed earlier because of its poor language design. But, over the years, it has evolved into a multi-paradigm, high-level, dynamic programming language. The first significant breakthrough of JavaScript was in 2009 when Ryan Dahl released cross-platform JavaScript runtime Node.js and enabled JavaScript to run on the Server Side.

Today, JavaScript is one of the most widely used programming languages in the world and runs on virtually everywhere: Browsers, Servers, Mobile Devices, Cloud, Containers, and Microcontrollers.

3 Key Features:
  • JavaScript is the undisputed king in Browser programming.
  • Thanks to Node.js, JavaScript offers event-driven programming, which is especially suitable for I/O heavy tasks.
  • JavaScript has gone through massive modernization and overhaul in the last several years, especially in 2015 and 2016.

Pros:

  • Client-side JavaScript is very fast as it can be run quickly in the client-side browser
  • JavaScript is relatively simple to learn
  • It can work smoothly with other languages and can be used in a variety of applications.
  • ‘Greasemonkey’ support to help write snippets for JavaScript, which can execute on specific web pages

Cons:

  • JavaScript only allows single inheritance, so multiple inheritances are not possible
  • No copy or equal method is available in JavaScript
  • JavaScript is interpreted differently by different browsers

Usage/ Applications: JavaScript usage include web/mobile app development, game development, and desktop app development.

Salary: The average salary of a JavaScript developer is 5.32 LPA. 

Click here to learn about javascript

Java

Java is one of the most disruptive programming languages. Back in the 90s, business applications were mainly developed using C++, which was quite complicated and platform dependent. James Gosling and his team in Sun started developing business applications by offering a much simpler, object-oriented, interpreted programming language, which also supports multi-threading programming.

Since then, Java has achieved platform independence due to Java Virtual Machine (JVM), which abstracted the low-level operating system from developers and gave the first “Write Once, Run anywhere” programming language. Also, JVM offers generation garbage collection, which manages the object life cycle. 

Java is the number one programming language used by most enterprises.  It’s considered to be one of the demanding programming languages to learn in 2022, for all types of developers.

3 Key Features:
  • Java is a powerful, feature-rich, multi-paradigm, interpreted programming language with a moderate learning curve and high developer productivity.
  • Java is strictly backward compatible, which is a crucial requirement for business applications.
  • Java’s runtime JVM is a masterpiece of Software Engineering and one of the best virtual machines in the industry.

Pros:

  • Object-oriented language
  • Java offers APIs for different activities like database connection, networking, XML parsing, utilities, etc
  • Powerful open source Rapid Development tools are available
  • A large number of open source libraries are also available

Cons:

  • Memory management in Java is quite expensive. Since Java runs on JVM, it consumes more memory
  • The absence of templates can limit high-quality data structure creation
  • It has got complex and verbose codes

Usage/Application: Java is mostly used for developing Android apps and web apps, and also in Big data.

Salary: The average salary per year of a Java developer is INR 4.9 Lakhs

Click here to explore more about Java

4. C#

The tech giant Microsoft decided to create an Object Oriented C like programming language as part of their .NET initiative, managed (run on a Virtual Machine like Java), back in the year 2000. The veteran language designer Anders Hejlsberg designed C# [pronounced as ‘See Sharp’] as part of Microsoft’s Common Language Initiative (CLI) platform. Initially, C# was criticized as an imitation of Java. But later, both languages diverged.

Today, C# is a multi-paradigm programming language widely used not only on the Windows platform but also on the iOS/Android and Linux platform. C# is considered the most demanding and best programming language to learn in 2022. C# is used by renowned companies like Alibaba Travels, Accenture, and Microsoft. 

3 Key Features:
  • C# has large ecosystems of libraries and frameworks. It has got a cool syntax.
  • Like Java, C# is also platform independent (thanks to CLR) and runs on Windows, Linux, and Mobile devices.
  • C# is a simple, structured and type safe programming language. It’s a fast-speed and scalable language as well.

Pros:

  • C# uses a similar syntax to that of C. Therefore, it is easy to understand [who knows C language]
  • Easy Integration with Windows
  • Fully integrated with the .NET library, which provides access to a repository of functionalities and support
  • Safer than its namesakes (C/++) as pointer types are not permitted

Cons:

  • It allows pointers in 'unsafe' blocks
  • It doesn't come with an independent compiler
  • With C#, a programmer cannot do low-level things

Usage applications: Widely used in Enterprise Cross-Applications Development and Web Applications

Salary: On average, a C# developer earns around 34,000 per month. This is the median salary [50 percent of people working as C# developers earn this salary]. 

Click here to learn about C#

5. C

Dennis Ritchie, a Bell Labs engineer, developed a procedural, general-purpose programming language called C, which was compiled directly to a machine language, around 1969–1973. C programming offers low-level access to memory and gives full control over the underlying hardware.

Over the years, C has turned out to be one of the most used programming languages. Besides that, C is arguably the most disruptive and influential programming language in history. Almost all other languages have been derived from C. 

C is often criticized for its accidental complexity and unsafe programming, but its platform-dependent features make it quite impressive. If you want to make the most use of your hardware, then C/C++ or Rust is your only option.

3 Key Features:
  • C gives low-level access to memory and can be compiled to machine instructions, and thus it’s one of the fastest and most powerful programming languages.
  • C gives full control over the underlying hardware.
  • Compilers of many other programming languages like Ruby, PHP, and Python have been written in C.

Pros:

  • Portable language
  • Building block for other languages
  • Structured programming language
  • Built-in function

Cons:

  • Data security
  • No run-time checking
  • No code-reuse

Salary: The average salary for a C programmer in India is around 6.9 LPA.

To learn more about C program click here

6. C++

Bjarne Stroustrup first created C++ as an extension of C, adding Object-Oriented features. Over time, C++ evolved into a multi-paradigm, general-purpose programming language. Similar to C, C++ offers low-level memory access and is directly compiled to machine instructions.

C++ also offers full control over hardware but does not provide language-level support for memory safety and concurrency safety. Also, C++ offers too many features and is one of the most complicated programming languages to master.

However, C++ continues to gain popularity owing to the rise of GPU, Containerization, and Cloud computing, as it can quickly adapt itself to take advantage of Hardware or Ecosystem changes.

Today, C++ is one of the most important and heavily used programming languages in the industry.

3 Key Features:
  • Similar to Java, C++ is constantly modernizing and adapting itself to the changes in Hardware or Ecosystem.
  • C++ also gives full control over the underlying hardware and can run on every platform and take advantage of every kind of hardware, whether it is a GPU, TPU, Container, Cloud, Mobile device, or Microcontroller.
  • C++ is fast and used heavily in performance-critical and resource-constrained systems.

Pros:

  • It is a popular language, and thus, there are many compilers and libraries
  • The other programming languages like C, C# and Java have a very similar syntax to that of C++, thus making it easy to learn for everyone who knows C
  • No garbage collector runs in the background

Cons:

  • C++ syntax is complex, and the standard library is small, making this language very difficult to learn for a beginner programmer
  • C++ program cannot support garbage collection or Dynamic Memory Allocation
  • The object orientation system in C++ is unnecessarily basic, compared to those of other languages

Usage applications: C++ is widely used in Game Development, Advance Computations, and Graphics Compilers

Salary: The average salary of C++ developers in India is around 4.81 lakhs per year.

Click here to learn more about C++ program

7. PHP

Rasmus Lerdorf, a software engineer, initially created PHP as a set of Common Gateway Interface binaries written in C to create dynamic Web Applications. Later, more functionalities were added to the PHP product. Then it gradually evolved into a full-fledged programming language. At present, PHP is used as a general-purpose, dynamic programming language mainly to develop server-side Web applications.

python

3 Key Features:

  • PHP is one of the highly productive Server-Side Web development programming languages
  • There are many successful and stable PHP frameworks in the market
  • Big tech companies use PHP (Facebook, Wordpress), which offers excellent tooling support for it

Pros:

  • PHP is simple, open-source, case-sensitive, and platform independent
  • Functional and object-oriented programming language 
  • PHP has a large Open Source Software Community
  • A reasonably good system of automation tools are available for testing and deploying

Cons:

  • Error handling facility is poor as PHP lacks debugging tools
  • Developing a website with PHP Web Development takes time, compared to that with other programming languages
  • It’s not fit for use with heavy, content-oriented web applications

Usage applications: Web Applications, Content Management Systems, and eCommerce Applications

Salary: The average salary for a PHP developer in India is around 5.46 lakhs per year

Click here to know more about PHP

8. Go

Also known as Golang, Go was created by Google. Widely used by the majority of start-ups in Silicon Valley, Go is slowly penetrating into the Indian market.

It’s mostly applied to companies that use distributed systems. Renowned Software Engineers Rob Pike (UTF-8) and Ken Thompson (UNIX OS) in Google created this easy-to-learn, highly scalable programming language in 2012.

Go has a runtime and Garbage collector (a few Megabytes). It has become a mainstream programming language in a short period of time, and is also one of the best skills to learn in 2022 for developers around the world. 

3 Key Features:
  • Go has language-level support for Concurrency. It offers a CSP based message-passing concurrency via Goroutine (lightweight Green thread) and Channel
  • The biggest USP of Go is its language design and simplicity. It has successfully combined the simplicity and productivity of Python and the power of C
  • Go has an embedded Garbage Collector (albeit not as mature as JVM garbage collector). Go developers can write system programming with the safety of Java and Python

Pros:

  • Go is a really fast language 
  • Its syntax is small compared to other languages, and therefore easy to learn
  • Go offers a standard library to provide handy built-in functions, for working with primitive types
  • Go makes concurrent programming easy

Cons:

  • Poor Library Support
  • Interfaces are Implicit
  • Fractured Dependency Management

Usage applications: Console utilities, GUI applications, and web applications

Salary: The average salary earned by GO Developers in India is around 6 LPA.

9. Swift

A group of Apple engineers led by Chris Lattner developed the language Swift mainly to replace Objective-C in the Mac and iOS platforms. It is a multi-paradigm, general-purpose, compiled programming language, which also offers high developer productivity. Swift supports LLVM (developer by Chris Lattner) compiler toolchains such as C/C++ and Rust.

Swift has established itself as the primary programming language in iOS App development. As a compiled and powerful language, Swift is gaining increasing popularity in other domains as well.

3 Key Features:
  • One of the main USPs of Swift is its language design. With a simpler, concise, and clean syntax and ergonomic features, it offers a more productive and better alternative to Objective-C in the Apple Ecosystem.
  • Swift also offers features of modern programming languages: null safety. Also, it provides syntactic sugar to avoid the “Pyramid of Doom.”
  • As a compiled language, Swift is as fast as C++. It has also gained a lot of popularity in system programming.

Pros

  • Transparency
  • Conciseness
  • Automatic memory management
  • Safety
  • Interoperability with Objective-C

Cons

  • No backwards compatibility
  • Few developers use Swift since it’s a young language, thus offering limited talent
  • Swift cannot be used on older versions of operating systems

Salary: The average Swift Developer salary in India is around 5 LPA.

10. SQL

According to W3Schools: “SQL is a standard language for storing, manipulating and retrieving data in databases.” SQL is widely used in data science. Since massive chunks of data are stored in databases, one has to read them to understand and gain information. Therefore, one needs SQL, a special purpose database programming language.

It's a powerful, high-performance tool used for building relational database management systems. 

3 Key Features:
  • SQL allows users to access, describe, and manipulate the data present in a database
  • Codings skills are not necessary for data retrieval
  • SQL is an interactive programming language

Pros

  • Powerful query language
  • Optimised for large numbers of table rows
  • Can handle large numbers of transactions in a single query
  • High availability and consistency of data

Cons

  • Predefined and inflexible data model
  • Can be difficult to convert data from objects into database tables
  • Lack of partition tolerance

Salary: The salary of an SQL developer in India is around 4.5 LPA.

11. R

R is a commonly used programming language in data science and machine learning. It’s widely used for statistical computing. R is the second-best programming language after Python, in 2022. An open-source language based on the language S, R is also used for nonlinear modeling, visualization, calculation, and testing.

It’s considered to be a slightly difficult language for beginners to learn. However, there is a thriving online community of developers adept with using R. So, you won’t be finding it difficult to learn the R fundamentals.

3 Key Features:
  • Open-source language with a strong active community of developers
  • Offers a comprehensive environment 
  • R has strong graphical capabilities

Pros 

  • Extensive support for data wrangling
  • Facilitates quality plotting and graphing
  • Highly compatible and platform independent

Cons

  • Utilizes more memory
  • Lacks basic security
  • R is a complicated language to learn

Salary: The salary of an R developer is close to 5 LPA.

12. Kotlin

Kotlin was originally developed in 2011, with its first version being released in 2016. Kotlin is used for web applications, desktop applications, android applications, and server-side applications. Companies like Coursera and Pinterest use Kotlin as their main programming language. 

3 Main Features:
  • Clean and concise syntax
  • Null safety
  • Operator overloading and data classes

Pros

  • Has a relatively less complicated codebase
  • Less buggy
  • Complies with the existing JAVA codes

Cons

  • Limited talent pool
  • Compilation speed is slower
  • A small developer community 

Salary: The average salary of Kotlin developers is close to 4 LPA. This goes up to 9 LPA with experience. 

Which programming language is best for getting a job in 2022?

Whether you want to be a Web Designer, Game Developer, Machine Learning Enthusiast, or any other related tech professionals – you have to master Programming Languages.

Almost every leading company such as Amazon, Microsoft, Uber, etc. requires developers to have an understanding of the basic programming concepts. Hence, if you’re looking forward to making your career in the IT industry, learning the above listed programming languages can be considered the first step. 

You can choose and start learning a programming language as per your objectives – whether you want to build mobile apps? or If you’re working on the web development domain. Some of the most in-demand programming languages for jobs in 2022 are -

JAVA

Features:

  1. Follows the OOP Concepts
  2. Rich open-source libraries
  3. Platform Independent
  4. Supports multithreading
  5. Automatic memory allocation and garbage collection, etc.

Employment: As of now, there are around 7.5 million JAVA developers across the world. The language works on different platforms such as Windows, Mac, Linux, etc. and it is majorly used for building enterprise-scale web applications and Android apps.

PYTHON

Features:

  1. Extensive library support
  2. Cross-platform Language
  3. Supports automatic garbage collection
  4. Can be integrated with C, C++, Java, etc.
  5. Supports GUI Programming
  6. Employment: As per reports, there are around 7-8 million Python developers across the world (the number is quite closer to JAVA). The language is used for web development, software development, machine learning, etc. and used by almost every IT giant like Amazon, Google, Facebook, etc.
C PROGRAM

Features:

  1. Middle-Level Programming Language
  2. Rich Library Functions
  3. Structured Programming Language
  4. Supports Dynamic Memory Allocation
  5. Easy to Extend and Portable, etc.

Employment: C is used in the development of various major platforms such as Microsoft Windows, Linux, etc. It is the most recommended programming language for beginners as the process of learning other languages becomes easier after working on this language.

SWIFT

Features:

  1. Interoperable with Objective-C Language
  2. Automatic Memory Management using uses Automatic Reference Counting (ARC)
  3. Fast, Safe, and Expressive programming language
  4. Functional Programming Patterns
  5. Powerful Error Handling, etc.

Employment: As Apple is not going anywhere and will lead the tech market in the future also, the demand for Swift seems to be rising.

PHP

Features:

  1. Loosely Typed Language
  2. Cross-platform Compatibility
  3. Fast and Efficient Performance
  4. Supports object-oriented programming features
  5. Can be integrated with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, etc.

Employment: The scope of the language can be determined as there are around 5 million PHP developers across the world and various major websites like Facebook, Yahoo, Wikipedia, etc., are built on PHP.

Which programming language is the highest paying in India?

The below mentioned programming skills are the highest paying in India. These languages are also the best for a career in web development. 

Scala - Scala is a unique high-level language used in coding, big data and machine learning. The average salary for Scala is over 10 Lakhs per year. 

Go - Go language is a very recent addition to the list of user-friendly languages. It’s simple and easy to use. In India, if you are a programmer working extensively with Go, you can earn over 11 lakhs per year. 

Objective-C - Discovered in the 1980s, to support apps for Apple, Objective-C has remained one of the primary languages for Apple and its operating systems. In India, the average pay for this skill is around 5 lakhs per year. 

Kotlin - Kotlin is growing in popularity, ever since it was declared a preferred language by Android app developers in 2019. The average pay for this skill is around 4.66 lakhs per year. 

Ruby on Rails - Also called Rails, it’s a server-side scripting language. The average salary of a RubyonRails developer is 7.71 LPA.

which programming languages is the highest paying in india

C# - Pronounced as See Sharp, it’s a simple, structured and platform independent language. the average salary of a C# developer in India is around 34,000 per month.

Perl - Perl is a high-level language used for web development, system administration, and network programming. The average base salary for Perl developers is around 7 LPA.

Python - Python is an easy-to-use programming language. It’s the most commonly used language across the world. A mid-level Python developer in India can earn 9 LPA on average.

Java - A high-level language, Java has few implementation dependencies. The average salary of a java developer is around 4.55 LPA.

Swift - A powerful language, Swift has an easy syntax and is less complicated. The average salary of Swift developers yearly is 4.88 lakhs. 

What are the Best programming languages for beginners?

It depends on what you want to do as a beginner. If you are looking for an easier programming language, then go for Python. If you are looking for a foundation in programming skills, then C is the best to start with. And if you are looking for jobs, then Java is the one. Python, SQL, Ruby, Java and C - these are the preferred languages for beginners in web development.

Future programming languages

Python Go, Scala, Swift, Kotlin, and C# are all future programming languages for developers. This means they can be used for high-end applications and databases. These languages are constantly evolving and shaping the way most developers work. These have a direct impact on the way we use technology and science.

What Computer Programmers Do?

Computer programmers work in various types of companies. They generally code or write computer software programmes. Also, they write, design, debug, troubleshoot, and maintain source codes related to various computer programs.

They write codes in languages that can be understood by the computer.  That’s why computer programmers must know computer algorithms and applications. One of the key things of every program that they write is documentation. Computer programmers must document what they write. This is done in the form of charts, flowcharts, layouts, diagrams, etc.

The tasks of a computer programmer can be summarized as follows:

  1. Work together with web designers, software developers, and other members of a team.
  2. Write, modify, and debug software for server applications.
  3. Write code for creating multi-threaded applications.
  4. Use performance monitoring tools to check for issues.
  5. Test and verify if the software adheres to the best practices.
  6. Validate that the products meet the desired security, reliability, and performance.
  7. Test and document software for server applications.

How to become a computer programmer?

A bachelor's degree in computer science, information technology (IT), or a related field is the first step to get into the field. However, some employers may want students with postgraduate degrees or research experience.

An undergraduate student with relevant work experience can also migrate to computer programming. It also depends on your own effort and luck, and a lot on the way you plan. 

It goes without saying that computer programmers must have the knowledge of Java/Java EE, C, C++, C#, .NET, Java Script, and other programming languages, along with strong written and verbal communication skills. They must stay up-to-date with new technologies and programming languages and work in a team.

What are the popular skills for most Computer Programmers?

Needless to say that computer programmers must be adept with technical skills. This means they must know the key programming languages like C++, HTML/CSS, Java, C#, SQL, and JavaScript. Other additional skills like Swift, Rust, and Ruby not only help in expanding a programmer’s skill set but also help in fetching a good pay.

popular skills for most common programming languages

Below we have mentioned the different technical skills that programmers must have, and how those impact the overall salary structure -

S.NO Programming Languages Salary
1 C++  ₹507,355
2 Java ₹494,897
3 HTML ₹261,000
4 C#  ₹400,000
5 SQL ₹500,000

C++ Programming Language, Java and SQL are the skills that pay above average salaries. The skills that pay less than the current market rate are C# and HTML.

In addition to these, soft skills are equally important for every programmer -

  • Communication ability
  • Attention to detail
  • Multi-tasking
  • Discipline
  • Project management 
  • Time management

Most of these soft-skills are relevant for every other job in the world. For a programmer, it’s a challenging task to balance between their technical knowledge and the ability to plan and execute their tasks, each day. 

How much do Computer Programmers earn?

The average Computer Programmer Salary in India is INR 480, 948 per year, according to payscale.com. 

  • Base Salary - ₹119k - ₹2m
  • Bonus - ₹3k - ₹205k
  • Profit Sharing - ₹21 - ₹702k
  • Commission - ₹0 - ₹399k
  • Total Pay - ₹126k - ₹2m
Pay based on the experience level 

According to a report by payscale.com, an entry-level Computer Programmer with close to 1 year of experience can earn an average total compensation (including tips, bonus, and overtime pay) of ₹405,470. With 1-4 years of experience, a programmer earns an average total compensation of ₹410,901.

A mid-career Computer Programmer with 5-9 years of experience earns an average total compensation of ₹573,251. With 10-19 years of experience, an experienced programmer earns an average total compensation of ₹550,000. And with over 20 years or more experience, programmers earn an average total compensation of ₹628,571.  

Pay difference based on locations

In cities like Bangalore, Karnataka, a computer programmer can earn an average of 113.1% more than the national average. Also, places like Pune, Maharashtra (4.8% more) and Mumbai, Maharashtra (4.5% more) pay relatively more than most other cities for programming jobs. In Chennai, Tamil Nadu, programmers can earn an average of 136.5% more than the national average.

The lowest salaries for programmers are found in Ahmedabad, Gujarat (16.8% less) and Kolkata, West Bengal (0.2% less). 

Pay difference based on the years of experience

  1. Entry level – 26.2%
  2. Early Career – 50.2%
  3. Mid Career – 13.3%
  4. Experienced – 6.4%
  5. Late Career – 3.4%

Besides being a programmer in today's world, most tech enthusiasts opt for working as front-end and back-end developers. This is also called full-stack development, a combination of both front-end and back-end work for websites and applications. Back-end developers are focused on data, modeling, and the server-side of a website.

On the other hand, front-end developers help build what customers and users interact with and see, that is, the client-side of a website. A full stack developer does some or all of the above. Full-stack web development is one of the demanding professions of 2022, and it will continue to be in the top rank due to the increasing number of reliance on digital technologies and products. 

Click the link to know more about front-end developers. Also, find out the skills required to become a front-end developer and the current salary of front-end developers in India and other countries.

FAQs

Which programming language is best for a career in India in 2022?

Java, Python, HTML, Go, JavaScript, PHP, SQL, and R are all equally important programming languages for a good career in 2022, if you are headed towards becoming a software developer. 

There are many other additional front-end and back-end languages such as Reactjs, Nodejs, MongoDB, etc. that you must be aware of. It goes without saying that being a developer isn’t easy, and you should be ready to juggle multiple languages at the same time. 

Which programming language is best for getting a job in 2021?

Based on a report by Burning Glass, the best programming languages for jobs in 2021 are - SQL, Java, Python, JavaScript, MicrosoftC#, C++, HTML5, and PERL [in order]. However, most employers want that a person skilled in Python must be aware of the other languages or at least have 2 or 3 more additional programming skills.

programming language best for get a job in india 2021

Which programming language helps you fetch the highest salary in India?

According to a report from Burning Glass, the top programming skills that fetch the highest salaries for developers or programmers around the world are - Python, JavaScript, Java, Swift, C, C++, Ruby, Go, Perl, and CSS [in order].

Also, Kotlin, Scala, and objective -C are other skills that fetch you a good salary as a programmer or developer in India. 

What are the top 5 programming languages commonly used?

Python, Java, JavaScript, and C, C# are undoubtedly the top 5 in the list. Others like C++, SQl, and R are also amongst the commonly used programming languages in India. 

Is Python the future of programming?

Since the mid 2000s, Python language has attracted a lot of popularity worldwide. It continues to be relevant and the most widely used language by developers. The reasons are -

Python has the least number of support issues compared to other languages.

It can be used anywhere, that is, Python supports different OSs, such as Ubuntu, Windows, Linux, etc. 

Python is a simpler language. It’s easy to write and apply. 

Is coding a good career in 2022?

Yes, coding is a good career in 2022. As long as the field has opportunities and continues to bring well-paid jobs, it will remain one of the most demanding career options for a long time. 

Which programming language should I learn to get a job in India?

Python tops the list. But there are other languages like Go, Kotlin, SQL, and R that are also beneficial for getting a job in India. 

What type of programmers earn the most in India?

The programmers who know how to work with Python, Kotlin, C++, C, C#, Scala, and SQL are some of the highest paid ones. 

Which is the best back-end programming language of 2022?

The best and the commonly used back-end programming languages of 2022 are Python, SQL, GO, Kotlin, C, HTML/CSS, Java and JavaScript. 

Conclusion

The above listed programming languages are just to give you a hint on what works best in the field of software development. There will be changes in the near future! so it’s necessary that you keep yourself updated with trends. Try joining online communities where you can network with other developers and get to know what’s happening around the world. 

If you want to know more about any of the above listed programming languages, you can check with our advisors at Crampete. They can brief you and help you enroll into one of the intensive classes on software development that we have on offer. 

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