How to become a full stack developer?

Want to become a Full stack developer? Know what it is:

In today's fast-paced technological world, the demand for full stack developers is on the rise. But what is a full stack developer? A full stack developer is someone who is skilled in both front-end and back-end development. In other words, they are proficient in creating and managing databases, developing APIs, and designing user interfaces.

In this blog, we will delve deeper into what it takes to be a full stack developer, the skills and tools required, and the career opportunities available in this field. We will also discuss the advantages of becoming a full stack developer and how it can help you excel in the rapidly evolving tech industry. So, whether you are an aspiring developer or simply interested in learning more about this profession, read on to discover what it means to be a full stack developer.

How to become a full stack developer?

What is full stack?

fullstack refers to the development of both the frontend and back-end parts of a website or application. A full stack developer is someone who has knowledge and expertise in both the front-end and back-end aspects of web development.

The front-end of a website or application refers to the part that users interact with directly. This includes the design, layout, and functionality of the user interface, as well as any visual or interactive elements such as buttons, forms, or animations. Front-end development typically involves programming languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

The back-end of a website or application refers to the behind-the-scenes code and systems that make the front-end work. This includes the server, database, and other infrastructure that supports the application, as well as the programming languages and frameworks used to build and maintain it. Back-end development typically involves programming languages such as Java, python, Ruby, or php.

full stack developer requires knowledge and experience in both frontend and backend development, as well as an understanding of how they work together to create a seamless user experience. Full stack developers are often responsible for designing, building, testing, and deploying entire web applications, from start to finish.

What is full stack web development?

Full stack web development is the practice of building web applications that include both the front-end and back-end components. A full-stack web developer is someone who has knowledge and expertise in all layers of web application development, from designing user interfaces to coding server-side logic to configuring and maintaining databases and servers.

Full stack web development requires a broad range of skills and expertise, as well as an understanding of how all the pieces of a web application fit together. Full stack web developer must be able to work with databases, APIs, and other back-end technologies, as well as design and build user interfaces, and manage the deployment and maintenance of the application. By having knowledge and expertise in both the front-end and back-end aspects of web development, full stack web developers can create cohesive and robust web applications that meet the needs of their users.

What is a full stack developer and what do they do?

Full stack engineers must be familiar with a whole technological stack, which is the set of technologies required to swiftly and efficiently build an end-to-end application. For example, if they want to design a MEAN stack application, they should be familiar with mongodb, Express, Angular, and Node.

During the early stages of a project, full stack developers should be able to determine whether the chosen technologies are the best fit for the project. A full stack developer's responsibilities include the following:

  • Assist in selecting the appropriate technologies for project development and testing on both the front and back ends.
  • Write clean code across the stack by adhering to the tool's best practices.
  • Keep up with the latest technologies and tools in order to make the best technological decisions.

What languages do full-stack developers use?

Full-stack developers can utilize any set of languages as long as they are compatible with one another and the overall application architecture. JavaScript is a popular language that is frequently used by full-stack developers since it is one of the few languages that can be used on both the front end and the back end. For smaller or medium-sized projects, businesses will most likely engage a full-stack developer. Popular languages include:

  • Front end: HTML, CSS, JavaScript.
  • Back end: Python, Java, R, Ruby, Node.js, PHP.

It's also a common and convenient practice to use whole technology stacks such as MEAN stack, MERN stack, Ruby on Rails, and LAMP for faster and more efficient development as well as a shorter learning curve.

What is front end web development?

Front-end web development is the part of web development that deals with creating the user interface and experience of a website or application. This includes designing and developing the layout, navigation, and visual elements of a website, as well as ensuring that it is responsive and functional across different devices and platforms.

Front-end developers use languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to create the structure, style, and interactivity of a website or application. They also work with design tools like Adobe Photoshop and Sketch to create mockups and wireframes of the website's design before turning it into a functional website.

In addition to technical skills, front-end developers also need to have a good understanding of user experience (UX) and user interface (UI) design principles, as well as an eye for aesthetics and attention to detail. They work closely with back-end developers to ensure that the website or application is functional, efficient, and meets the needs of its users.

What is back end web development?

Back-end web development is the part of web development that deals with creating and maintaining the server-side of a website or application. This includes managing databases, creating APIs, and developing the logic and algorithms that power the website's functionality.

Back-end developers use languages like PHP, python, Ruby, and Java to create the server-side components of a website or application. They also work with databases like MySQL and mongodb to store and manage data, as well as with frameworks like Ruby on Rails and Django to speed up the development process.

In addition to technical skills, backend developers need to have a good understanding of security, scalability, and performance optimization. They work closely with front-end developers to ensure that the website or application is fast, efficient, and provides a seamless user experience.

Overall, while front-end web development focuses on the user interface and experience, back-end web development focuses on the functionality and behind-the-scenes operations of a website or application.


Roles & Responsibilities of a full stack developer

Many developers have chosen full stack as a professional path, and many more are on their way to becoming one. It is a popular job title due to the benefits of speedier development, lower costs, and strong technical ability.

While each organisation has its unique set of needs for a full stack developer, the following are some significant responsibilities:

  • Build dynamic, visually-attractive, end-to-end, and innovative software product/apps including frontend and back-end
  • Able to design the user experience, user interaction, responsive design, and complete architecture
  • Able to work with databases, servers, APIs, version control systems, and third-party apps
  • Provide insights on continuous improvement and add/remove functionality as per needs
  • Design strategy for continuous enhancement, performance optimization, stability, and scalability
  • Stay updated with new tools, frameworks, approaches, and architectures in the development world
  • Transform business needs into a finished product from conception to implementation
  • Ensure cross-platform compatibility and fixing issues during test and production phases
  • Handle a team of developers and communicate well with them for product roadmap/performance enhancement
  • Lead a team of developers, designers, and network managers and ensure digital outcomes are in line with business objectives

Skills required to become a full stack developer

To become a full stack developer, you must first understand at least one frontend framework and one backend technology. This is a necessary step towards becoming a full stack developer.

Technical Skills Of A Full Stack Developer:


Frontend is in charge of the display, which is responsible for user engagement and interaction. Full stack developers must be familiar with core frontend languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, as well as important frontend development concepts such as validation, responsiveness, and user experience. They should be familiar with at least one front-end framework (angular, reactjs, Vuejs, Backbonejs, or jQuery). They should be well-versed in front-end development and be on the lookout for new stuff and updates.


As a full stack developer, you must understand the intricacies of website development, such as APIs, databases, and server settings. They must be proficient in at least one backend language (PHP, Java, C#, Ruby, Python) as well as the corresponding backend frameworks (Django, Spring,.Net, Express.js, Rails).


Database administration is also an important component of the whole stack. They must be able to perform basic database functions such as data storage, creation, management, manipulation, and deletion. A full stack developer must be familiar with database software such as Oracle, MySQL, nosql, and PostgreSQL.

Aside from that, if you want to be a full stack developer, you must learn/gain knowledge in the following:

  • Learn about the entire web development process, from user experience to server configurations, business logic, database integrations, and deployment and optimisation.
  • Investigate and extensively grasp essential web development technologies such as JavaScript, CSS, and HTML.
  • Discover cutting-edge development methodologies and concepts like continuous integration, continuous delivery, DevOps, and agile.
  • Learn about design elements, testing, and programming topics like object-oriented design, microservices, cloud, automation, and REST APIs.

Soft skills required for a full stack developer

  • Database structure, algorithms, and processes are all understood.
  • Knowledge of database management and design Excellent communication and management skills
  • Rapid adaptation to new technologies, concepts, approaches, and environments
  • Analytical and problem-solving abilities
  • A learning mentality and an improving mindset are required.
  • Knowledge of the app's or product's non-functional characteristics such as security, automation, testing, performance, and optimisation
  • Capabilities in leadership and resource management

Full-Stack Programming Languages and Tools

  • HTML: HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is a programming language used by web developer to create web pages. A full stack web development must understand HTML in order to create user interfaces that are both efficient and simple to use.
  • CSS: CSS, or style sheet language, is used to style HTML markup. A full stack web developer must grasp CSS in order to create aesthetically beautiful and user-friendly websites and applications.
  • Bootstrap: Bootstrap is the most popular CSS framework for constructing adaptable and mobile-first websites. 
  • W3.CSS: W3.CSS is an easy-to-learn-and-use modern framework with built-in responsiveness.
  • JavaScript: JavaScript is a programming language that is used to create interactive web pages. A full-stack developer must understand JavaScript in order to build dynamic and user-friendly websites and applications.
  • Python: python is the most popular server side programming languages. This adaptable language offers a wide range of applications in fields such as machine learning, data analysis, and back-end web development.
  • Tools: The following are the most common tools used by full-stack developers to improve development and efficiency. Backbone,Visual Studio Code, WebStorm, Slack, Electron,TypeScript,CodePen,GitHub
Most Popular Tech Stacks Full Stack Developers Can Choose From:

Many different technology stacks are utilised in online and mobile app development. A stack is a collection of frameworks, languages, platforms, and tools used in application development.

LAMP Stack:

LAMP stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and the PHP programming language. It is a traditional tech stack, and it is used to build a huge number of online applications. It is a popular open-source stack that includes an operating system (Linux), a server (Apache), a database (MySQL), and a programming language (PHP). Instead of utilising Linux as the operating system, developers can alternatively utilise WAMP (Windows as the operating system) or MAMP (Mac OS) to create dynamic, stable web apps.


mongodb, Express.js, Angular, and Node.js are all abbreviated as mean. It currently leads the full stack development world as a comprehensive JavaScript-based stack. Each framework in this stack is widely used and supported by a big and active community. This JavaScript-based tech stack has revolutionized web development by utilizing JavaScript for server-side scripting via Node.js. It is the most widely used stack for developing scalable, powerful, and visually appealing applications.


The main difference between it and MEAN is that Angular has been replaced by reactjs. React is a JavaScript package that allows you to create interactive user interfaces and single-page apps. It is kept up to date by Facebook and the community. It is a well-known front end library.

Ruby on Rails

It is one of the most well-known and widely used tech stacks for developing end-to-end apps. RoR engineers are capable of working on the frontend, backend, and database components. Rails is a server-side web application framework and Ruby is an open-source programming language.

Python Full stack 

Python full stack web developers are also in high demand because Python is a popular and modern programming language for creating speedier and scalable web projects. Its simple syntax and powerful capabilities make it excellent for machine learning and data science applications. Django is a well-known Python framework, and full stack Python includes Python, Django, Apache, and MySQL.

Full stack developer salary

In India, the average base salary of a full-stack developer is ₹582,629/year.

This number could go as high as INR 1400 K to a low of 300K. 

Salary Based on the company
Company Salary Package( In Rupee)
Tata Consultancy Services 4,52,846 
IBM 6,59,371 
Vassar Labs 7,85,542 
Report Garden 8,09,013 
Accenture 5,30,241 


Salary Based on Experience
  • A full stack developer’s salary in India for a freshers is ₹365,000
  • A full-stack developer with early-level experience of 1-4 years earns a standard of ₹553,000 annually
  • An employee with mid-level experience of 5-9 years can secure about INR 12-14 lakhs.
Salary Based on location
Location Salary per annum
Bangalore ₹702K / yr
Hyderabad ₹704K / yr
Pune ₹702K / yr
Chennai ₹600K / yr
Delhi ₹651K / yr


Salary Based on skills

The quantity of skills a full-stack web developer is trained in influences his or her compensation in a variety of ways. It is simply not just the quantity but also the quality. Many aspects within the skill set come into play when determining a full-stack web developer's remuneration in India.

  • The average salary for a Full Stack Web Developer with JavaScript is ₹596,012
  • The average salary for a Full Stack Web Developer with React.js skills is ₹562,443
  • The average salary for a Full Stack Developer with Python Skills  is ₹337,017
  • The average salary for a Full Stack Web Developer with Angular Skills is ₹916,653
  • The average salary for a Full Stack Developer with Node.js skills is ₹539,993

In conclusion, a full stack developer is a versatile and skilled professional who is proficient in both front-end and back-end development. They are able to handle all aspects of web development, from designing user interfaces to creating and managing databases.

Becoming a full stack developer requires a strong foundation in programming languages such as HTML, CSS, javascript, and various backend languages, as well as experience with popular development frameworks, libraries, and databases.

With the demand for full stack developers on the rise, this profession offers excellent career opportunities and the potential for a high salary. Additionally, being a full stack developer provides the ability to work on a variety of projects, ranging from web and mobile applications to e-commerce platforms and social media sites.

In short, becoming a full stack developer is a challenging but rewarding career choice. With the right skills and tools, you can become a valuable asset to any company or organization in the tech industry.

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